The actual process for permanent labor certification varies depending upon the program being used.
The filing of applications is the responsibility of the employer, not the employee.
However, the employee can benefit from understanding the program being utilized in his/her behalf. In general, the Department of Labor (DOL) works to ensure that the admission of foreign workers to work in the U.S. will not adversely affect the job opportunities, wages and working conditions of U.S. workers. Once a permanent labor certification application has been approved by the DOL, the employer will need to seek the immigration authorization from USCIS.